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Afghanistan: «US drones are not enough against Is-K. We need the intervention of Russia, China, Pakistan and Iran “

from Foreign editorial staff

A West Point teacher warns: the group is growing thanks to recruitment in neighboring countries. And further destabilizes the already fragile Taliban “government”

Is-K a danger to Afghanistan? Not only. The point is that the group recruits militants even beyond the Afghan borders and draws on militias rooted in these countries, such as ETIM, the Islamic Movement of East Turkestan (which operates in the western Chinese region of Xinjiang, ed) or the IMU, the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan. But there are also recruiting operations in Pakistan and India. To explain this point Amira Jadoon professor at the Combating Terrorism Center of the United States Military Academy in West Point in an interview that will air on Radio 24

While concern for the unstable conditions in Afghanistan after the withdrawal of international troops does not diminish, the alert for the growth of the terrorist group is growing, which has started to strike again since the end of August with the attack on Kabul airport. According to analysts, the mistake is not to think that this is a strictly “local” issue. One of the key advantages of Is-K is its ability to recruit militants from other transnational groups that are always looking for alliances. We need a collective effort, a regional approach that goes beyond standard counter-terrorism operations. The United States, for example, struck Is-K positions with several strikes, killing many emirs and leaders, but this did not prevent the movement from returning to the scene today and regrouping. Russia, China and Pakistan can intervene in this sense, from a shared and regional perspective, continues Amira Jadoon.

And not only. The ongoing clash between the Taliban and Is-K also poses serious threats to neighboring countries, since it “distracts” the Taliban from governing Afghanistan and causes the fight against the Islamic State to drain the country’s resources further destabilizing the whole area. Russia, China, Pakistan and even Iran need a stable Afghanistan and may even put in place a joint security system to target the strengths of the Islamic State in Khorasan, rather than simply hoping that the Taliban will eventually win. on Is-K. As a form of collaboration, Jadoon suggests sharing intelligence information on captured militants, their profiles and previous affiliations. But also the joint dismantling of the supply chains with which the group finances itself, linked to the shadow economy and the black market.

In this context, in addition to the contrast with the Taliban, now a dominant group, there is also the rivalry with Al Qaeda, a local version of the break that took place in Iraq and Syria. Is-K sees the historical group of radical Islam as “impure”, given its proximity to the Taliban (considered “apostates”). In short, Is-K sees himself as the only legitimate leader of the Islamic Umma and leader of the (future) Caliphate. In addition to this also the ability to recruit exiles from rival acronyms. Is-K includes among its members some elements who have defected from the Taliban in Afghanistan and Pakistan and even from Al Qaeda. It has also formed tactical alliances with some local groups such as Lashkar-e-Jhangvi. As if to say, in short, that the problem is anything but Afghan and anything but easy to read.

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